Horton Plains National Park
The park covers an area of 3160 hectares of montane grassland fringed and interspersed with patches of dense montane cloud forests. This park and the adjoining peak wilderness form the most important catchment area for almost all the major rivers in the country. Three major rivers including the longest Mahaweli (335 km) being the second Kelani and Walawe originate from the within the park itself. This is also the highest plateau of the country, being above 5000 feet, and the western slopes of the park support the extensive area of montane cloud forests surviving in the country.
The vertebrate fauna of the region includes 24 species of mammals, 87 species of birds, nine species of reptiles and eight species of amphibians. At present, the largest and the most commonly seen mammal is the sambar deer. Some research findings estimate the population of sambar deer to be around 1500 to 2000, possibly more than the carrying capacity of the plains.Other mammal species found in the park include Kelaart's long-clawed shrews, toque macaques, purple-faced langurs, rusty-spotted cat, Sri Lankan leopards, wild boars, stripe-necked mongooses, Sri Lankan spotted chevrotains, Indian muntjacs, and grizzled giant squirrels.
Horton Plains is a popular tourist destination, with World's End being the key attraction World's End is a sheer precipice with a 870 m (2,854 ft) drop.It is situated at the southern boundary of the park. Baker's Falls, a waterfall formed by Belihul Oya, a tributary of the Walawe River is named after Sir Samuel Baker, a hunter and explorer who attempted to establish a European agricultural settlement at Nuwara Eliya. The falls are 20 meters (66 ft.) high. Slab Rock Falls is another well-known waterfall in the plains.